Samstag, 18. August 2012

Samvatsaras

April 20, 2018 (Vaishākha Shukla 5):

Kalpa-samvatsara:             1 972 949 119
Srishti-prārambha-samvatsara: 1 955 885 119
Yudhishthira-samvatsara:              5 154
Kaliyuga-samvatsara:                  5 119
Shankara-samvatsara:                  2 526
Vikrama-samvatsara:                   2 075
Shālivāhana-shaka-samvatsara:         1 940
Maharishi-samvatsara:                    61
Prabhavādi-samvatsara:           Virodhakṛt            

Notes:
1. Samvatsara (Sanskrit, संवत्सर, saṁvatsara) means "year". Another word often used is Samvat. All numbers above refer to expired years. The first year in these era's or calendar's has the number 0, the second year the number 1 etc. in the same way as our age is counted.

2. Calculation of the expired years in this Kalpa (Abbreviation: Kaliyuga (KY))
KY = 432 000 years. Mahāyuga = (4 + 3 + 2 + 1) KY = 10 KY = 4 320 000 years.
Kalpa-samvatsara = [4 + 6 (710 + 4) + 270 + (4 + 3 + 2)]  KY + Kaliyuga-samvatsara = 1 972 949 116
Year 0 begins on Chaitra Shukla 1.

3. Srishti-prārambha (Sanskrit, सृष्टि-प्रारम्भ, sṛṣṭi-prārambha) means "beginning of creation". According to the Puranas creation begins with the Kalpa, the day of Brahmā. Surya Siddhanta 1.24 says that "at the beginning of the Kalpa 47 400 divine years passed while the All-wise was employed in creating the animate and inanimate creation, plants, stars, gods, demons and the rest." The true beginning of the creation is 47 400 x 360 years later than the beginning of the Kalpa. Srishti-prārambha-samvatsara = Kalpa-samvatsara - 17 064  000 years. Year 0 begins on Chaitra Shukla 1.

4. Yudhishthira-samvatsara = 3138 + A.D. year. Year 0 begins 3139 B.C. (Ashvina Shukla 10)

5. Kaliyuga-samvatsara = 3101 + A.D. year. Year 0 begins  3102 B.C. (Chaitra Shukla 1)

6. Shankara-samvatsara = 508 + A.D. year. Year 0 begins 509 B.C. (Vaishākha Shukla 5)

7. Vikrama-samvatsara = 57 + A.D. year. Year 0 begins 58 B.C. (Chaitra Shukla 1 in North India)

8. Shālivāhana-shaka-samvatsara = A.D. year - 78. Year 0 begins 78 A.D. (Chaitra Shukla 1)

9. Maharishi-samvatsara = A.D. year - 1957. Year 0 begins on 12 Jan 1957 and Year 50 on 12 Jan 2007

10. There is a name for each one of the 60 years of Jupiter’s cycle. In North India the cycle starts with Prabhava. Virodhakṛt is the 45th year in this cycle. In actual practice the year begins on Chaitra Shukla 1.

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